Latent Classes of Personality Disorders: Group Comparisons and Course of Psychotherapy

Autor(en): Lange, Julia
Schoettke, Henning
Stichwörter: diagnostic; latent class analysis; personality disorders; Psychology; Psychology, Clinical; SCL-90-R; screening test
Erscheinungsdatum: 2013
Herausgeber: GEORG THIEME VERLAG KG
Journal: PSYCHOTHERAPIE PSYCHOSOMATIK MEDIZINISCHE PSYCHOLOGIE
Volumen: 63
Ausgabe: 9-10
Startseite: 365
Seitenende: 373
Zusammenfassung: 
Using latent class analysis the Personality Disorder Screening (PDS) classifies patients into 4 groups: personality disordered (PD) patients (PDS+), healthy patients (PDS-) and 2 hybrid classes with exaggerated personality styles (histrionic/dependent and avoidant/obsessive-compulsive). The present study investigated if the PDS groups differ concerning sociodemographic and clinical variables, psychological distress and treatment outcome. We analyzed the PDS response patterns of 555 outpatients. PDS+ group membership is associated with typical PD characteristics, chronic depression and a high level of general psychological distress. Patients of both hybrid classes are found to show average psychological distress. The treatment was effective for all patients. Membership in the histrionic/dependent hybrid class is associated with early drop out from outpatient therapy.
ISSN: 09372032
DOI: 10.1055/s-0032-1333287

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