Solar particle precipitation into the polar atmosphere and their dependence on hemisphere and local time

Autor(en): Bornebusch, J. P.
Wissing, J. M.
Kallenrode, M. -B.
Stichwörter: Astronomy & Astrophysics; Engineering; Engineering, Aerospace; Geology; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences; Polar caps; PROTON EVENTS; Solar particle precipitation
Erscheinungsdatum: 2010
Herausgeber: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Journal: ADVANCES IN SPACE RESEARCH
Volumen: 45
Ausgabe: 5
Startseite: 632
Seitenende: 637
Zusammenfassung: 
The precipitation of solar energetic particles, protons as well as electrons, at high latitudes is commonly assumed to be homogeneous across both polar caps. Using Low-Earth Orbit POES (Polar Orbiting Environmental Satellites) we determine particle penetration ratios into the polar atmosphere for protons ranging from about 0.1 MeV to 500 MeV and for electrons spanning about one order of magnitude in energy with a maximum of 0.3 MeV. Based on power law fits for the POES spectrum we show, that for energies interesting for middle and lower atmosphere chemistry, particle flux over the poles is comparable in magnitude to flux at the geostationary orbit or at L1 in interplanetary space. The time period under study are the solar energetic particle (SEP) event series of October/November 2003 and January 2005. (C) 2009 COSPAR. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 02731177
DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2009.11.008

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