Individual Pathways to Life Satisfaction: The Significance of Traits and Motives

Autor(en): Hofer, Jan
Busch, Holger
Kiessling, Florian
Stichwörter: CONCEPTIONS; CONGRUENCE; EVENTS; FACILITATION; HAPPINESS; IMPLICIT MOTIVES; Life satisfaction; MOTIVATION; PERSONALITY; Psychological well-being; Psychology; Psychology, Multidisciplinary; Social Sciences - Other Topics; Social Sciences, Interdisciplinary; Traits; VALUES; WELL
Erscheinungsdatum: 2008
Herausgeber: SPRINGER
Journal: JOURNAL OF HAPPINESS STUDIES
Volumen: 9
Ausgabe: 4
Startseite: 503
Seitenende: 520
Zusammenfassung: 
This article examines the relationship between life satisfaction and specific facets of psychological well-being (positive relations with others and environmental mastery) by considering the moderating effect of significant components of personality, i.e., traits, values, and implicit motives. Constructs were assessed by the Satisfaction With Life Scale, the Scales of Psychological Well-Being (two subscales), the NEO Five-Factor Inventory, the Schwartz Value Survey (two value types), and a picture-story test (implicit motives for achievement and affiliation-intimacy). Analyses revealed that values, implicit motives, and personality traits moderated the relationship between both types of well-being measures. Findings indicate that personality components reflecting significant strivings and needs play a crucial role in seeking well-being by assigning meaning to given life domains.
ISSN: 13894978
DOI: 10.1007/s10902-007-9086-x

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