Wearing test with 2 different types of latex gloves with and without the use of a skin protection cream

Autor(en): Allmers, H
Stichwörter: Allergy; contact urticaria; Dermatology; glove-wearing test; latex allergens; latex gloves; natural rubber latex allergy; NURSES; PREVALENCE; prevention; PROTEIN; RISK-FACTORS; skin care products
Erscheinungsdatum: 2001
Herausgeber: MUNKSGAARD INT PUBL LTD
Journal: CONTACT DERMATITIS
Volumen: 44
Ausgabe: 1
Startseite: 30
Seitenende: 33
Zusammenfassung: 
72 subjects reporting symptoms indicating Type I hypersensitivity reactions to natural rubber latex (NRL) gloves were included in this study. 44 of them had a positive prick test to NRL. They underwent wearing tests using 2 types of NRL gloves with high (n=63) and low (n=70) allergen contents. Unigloves Malaysia(TM) with a high allergen content caused positive skin reactions in 47% of SPT-positive and no IgE-negative subjects. After application of Hand Sense(TM) skin protection cream, the frequency of positive skin responses in wearing tests decreased to 30% in prick-test-positive subjects. The Biogel Diagnostic(TM) gloves with low allergen caused hypersensitivity with and without Hand Sense in 2 cases (5%) of the prick-test-positive. 60% of all test participants had a positive prick test to NRL. No prick-test-negative subjects showed any urticaria during the glove-wearing test. Our study demonstrates that high allergen contents in latex gloves frequently elicit skin responses in NRL-sensitized subjects. Since other skin protection creams have shown to increase allergic symptoms, it is encouraging to report that Hand Sense(TM) skin cream may hamper the uptake of allergens from gloves, thus decreasing allergic reactions.
ISSN: 01051873
DOI: 10.1034/j.1600-0536.2001.440106.x

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