The influence of UV radiation on number and ultrastructure of the endosymbiotic dinoflagellates in the sea anemone Cereus pedunculatus (Anthozoa : Actiniaria)

Autor(en): Hannack, K
Kestler, P
Sicken, O
Westheide, W
Stichwörter: B RADIATION; FLAGELLATE CRYPTOMONAS; Marine & Freshwater Biology; Oceanography; REEF CORALS; SOLAR; SP-NOV; SYMBIOTIC CNIDARIANS; TEMPERATURE; ULTRAVIOLET-RADIATION; WATER; ZOOXANTHELLAE
Erscheinungsdatum: 1997
Herausgeber: BIOLOGISCHE ANSTALT HELGOLAND
Journal: HELGOLANDER MEERESUNTERSUCHUNGEN
Volumen: 51
Ausgabe: 4
Startseite: 487
Seitenende: 502
Zusammenfassung: 
The sea anemone Cereus pedunculatus was artificially UV-irradiated to test the effect of UV-light on the number of endosymbiotic dinoflagellates in its gastrodermis and on their ultrastructure. Anemones were kept in the laboratory in a Light:dark cycle (LD 12:12; 13 W m(-2)) at 18 degrees C and briefly (2, 5 and 9 d) exposed to UV radiation at quasisolar intensities, 0.5 or 1 W m(-2). Their tentacles were then examined in the electron microscope for qualitative and quantitative changes in the zooxanthellae. There was an intensity-dependent decease in the number of symbionts, which in some cases were lost altogether (bleaching). Irradiated anemones contained a larger proportion of symbionts with ultrastructural abnormalities, namely diminished starch, some mitochondria with altered matrix and, in particular, characteristic changes in the chloroplasts; instead of being densely stacked, the thylakoids were spread apart and swollen at the ends of their membranes to form vesicle-like structures. Relatively large Vesicles also appeared in the cytoplasm. The resulting enlargement of the whole dinoflagellate cell was documented morphometrically. Another intensity-dependent effect was a significant decrease in mitosis rate, established by counting dividing symbiont cells in TEM micrographs.
ISSN: 01743597

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