Psychobiological aspects of infant crying

Autor(en): Keller, H 
Chasiotis, A
RisauPeters, J
Volker, S
Zach, U
Restemeier, R
Stichwörter: caregiver-child interactions; CHILDHOOD; infant crying; LIFE; maternal responsiveness; PATTERNS; Psychology; Psychology, Developmental
Erscheinungsdatum: 1996
Herausgeber: JOHN WILEY & SONS LTD
Volumen: 5
Ausgabe: 1
Startseite: 1
Seitenende: 13
This study addresses the relationship between the amount of infant crying and maternal responsiveness to the infant's facial communicative cues during distress and non-distress situations. From an evolutionary perspective, the interpretation of infant crying as a communicative signal is preferred over its distance-regulating function. This view implies a relation between the amount of infant crying and parameters describing interactional regulation. Maternal responsiveness is operationalized by (a) the contingent reactions in a latency time span which define the intuitive character of parental behaviours (200-800 ms) and by (b) an event-based coding system of maternal inappropriate behaviour. Infant states (crying, fussing, sleeping and waking hours) were assessed by means of diaries kept by the mothers. In two samples (N=10, N=13, respectively), married, middle-class mothers were videotaped in free play situations with their healthy, firstborn children in their family homes. Results show that there is a strong intersituational consistency of maternal behaviour, but context-sensitive components of maternal behaviour could also be found. The contingency of maternal reactions during the free play situation can be regarded as a predictor of the duration of the infant's crying measured by a maternal diary. The whole pattern of the results confirms the regulatory function of infant crying in the context of early caregiver-child interactions.
4th International Workshop on Infant Cry Research, MUNICH, GERMANY, JUL, 1992
ISSN: 10573593
DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1099-0917(199603)5:1<1::AID-EDP103>3.0.CO;2-E

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