Memory rehabilitation for older adults: preserving independent living

Autor(en): Kaschel, Reiner
Kazen, Miguel
Stichwörter: AGE; BRAIN; cognitive aging; dementia; EXERCISE; lifestyle changes; memory rehabilitation; memory training; MILD COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT; Psychology; Psychology, Multidisciplinary; TRAINING INTERVENTIONS; TRIALS
Erscheinungsdatum: 2018
Herausgeber: ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Journal: ESTUDIOS DE PSICOLOGIA
Volumen: 39
Ausgabe: 2-3, SI
Startseite: 378
Seitenende: 406
Zusammenfassung: 
Episodic memory problems are the hallmark of cognitive ageing in normal elderly people. Learning of new material is worse in pathological cognitive ageing, such as dementia and its preliminary states (mild cognitive impairment). Because episodic learning is crucial to preserve independent living in the elderly, rehabilitation programmes for everyday memory problems are welcomed. The scope of scientific interest has switched from treatment to prevention. We claim that lifestyle interventions are the most direct way to preserve cognition. We summarize evidence for changes in nutrition and exercise. In addition, psychological interventions for elderly people with normal or pathological cognitive ageing are available. Recent meta-analyses found lacking evidence of transfer to everyday life and long-term effects. We critically assess these meta-analyses. We propose theoretically derived experimental interventions relying on spared learning mechanisms. As an example we report visual-imagery training showing positive effects in a randomized control trial, using individual memory diaries on memory improvement.
ISSN: 02109395
DOI: 10.1080/02109395.2018.1493844

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