Exploring the open pore of the potassium channel from Streptomyces lividans

Autor(en): Meuser, D
Splitt, H
Wagner, R 
Schrempf, H 
Stichwörter: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; Biophysics; BLOCK; Cell Biology; CONDUCTION; ION CHANNEL; ion permeation; KcsA; ORGANIC CATIONS; PERMEABILITY; pore; potassium channel; RECTIFICATION; RECTIFIER K+ CHANNEL; SARCOPLASMIC-RETICULUM; SELECTIVITY; Streptomyces lividans; TETRAETHYLAMMONIUM
Erscheinungsdatum: 1999
Volumen: 462
Ausgabe: 3
Startseite: 447
Seitenende: 452
The tetrameric potassium channel from Streptomyces lividans (KcsA) embedded in planar bilayers exhibits the following electrophysiological characteristics: (i) K+ ions can cross the pore in a highly hydrated state (n(H2O) greater than or similar to 6), (ii) the selectivity for K+ exceeds that for Na+ ions by 11 times, and both Ca2+ and Mg2+ are permeant, (iii) the internal side is blocked by Ba2+ ions in a voltage-dependent manner, (iv) intrinsic rectification is due to gating, depending on the direction of the electric field, (v) the internal side is pH-sensitive, and (vi) the open pore has a diameter of similar to 5.8 Angstrom. In conclusion, our results show that ion conduction and selectivity of KcsA cannot easily be reconciled with the properties deduced from the rigid crystal structure [Doyle et al,, Science 280 (1998) 69-77], which must be concluded to have the pore trapped in its closed state. (C) 1999 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.
ISSN: 00145793
DOI: 10.1016/S0014-5793(99)01579-3

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