Global walls and global movement: new destinations in Jewish migration, 1918-1939

Autor(en): Wolff, Frank
Stichwörter: African Jewish history; colonialism; diaspora studies; global history; History; IMMIGRATION; interwar period; Jewish history in the Far East; Jewish migration history; Latin American Jewish history; migration regimes; MOBILITY; Religion; settlement and mobility; transmigration; transnational movement
Erscheinungsdatum: 2014
Herausgeber: ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Journal: EAST EUROPEAN JEWISH AFFAIRS
Volumen: 44
Ausgabe: 2-3
Startseite: 187
Seitenende: 204
Zusammenfassung: 
Research often argues or implies that the First World War suddenly discontinued the age of Jewish mass migration and led to increased sedentarism. Indeed, the former main destinations like the USA drastically cut down on the arrival of East European Jews. This did not, however, result in the end of Jewish mass migration. This article will demonstrate that it rather led to manifold attempts to circumvent the newly introduced and increasingly exclusive measures, to a rising complexity of transnational movement patterns, and finally to the emergence of new destinations and Jewish communities all over the globe. This movement, however, was overshadowed and impacted by the almost global rise of xenophobia and fascism. Based on local histories, statistical and legal sources, as well as reports and communications by delegates of Jewish relief organizations, this article presents a social history of the intersection between global Jewish migration and politically motivated migration management. It leaves behind the focus on ``departure'' and ``arrival'' in Jewish migration history and elaborates on the relevance and dynamics of transmigration, the dominance of migrant networks and the complex relationship between national policies and migrants' agency.
ISSN: 13501674
DOI: 10.1080/13501674.2014.950542

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