Flower morphology and pollen germination in the genus Capsella (Brassicaceae)

Autor(en): Neuffer, Barbara 
Paetsch, Melanie
Stichwörter: BURSA-PASTORIS; Crossing experiments; Ecology; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; EVOLUTION; MODEL SYSTEM; NATURAL-POPULATIONS; Petal size; Plant Sciences; Pollen tube growth; Pollen/ovule ratio; RECENT SPECIATION; REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION; S-LOCUS; SELF-INCOMPATIBILITY; Selfing syndrome; Sheperd's purse; SHEPHERDS PURSE; TUBE GROWTH
Erscheinungsdatum: 2013
Herausgeber: ELSEVIER GMBH
Journal: FLORA
Volumen: 208
Ausgabe: 10-12
Startseite: 626
Seitenende: 640
Zusammenfassung: 
Evolutive changes in mating systems are often accompanied by changes in flower morphology, such as the reduction in size or even loss of petals, changes in production of volatiles, pollen/ovule ratio, the position between anthers and stigma and the germination time of pollen after pollination. These changes have been merged under the term ``selfing syndrome'' and often result in new taxonomic species. The evolutionary shift frequently happens parallel within many families and genera, for example within the Brassicaceae family. Within the genus Capsella, which is closely related to the molecular model species pair Arabidopsis lyrata thaliana (SC), we studied self-incompatible and self-compatible species. SC species C rubella and C bursa-pastoris produce in comparison with the SI species C grandiflora (i) smaller petals as the result of decreased cell division and only less of decreasing cell volume, (ii) less production of pollen in one flower, (iii) show a lesser incision between the two valves of the fruits, in combination with a shorter style, and (iv) have a much quicker fertilization of SC pollen after pollination. Crossing success between the diploid species, between different provenances of the tetraploid C. bursa-pastoris, and between the two diploid species and particular individuals of the self-incompatible C. grandiflora has been proven. (C) 2013 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 03672530
DOI: 10.1016/j.flora.2013.09.007

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