State orientation and memory load impair prospective memory performance in older compared to younger persons

Autor(en): Kaschel, Reiner
Kazen, Miguel
Kuhl, Julius 
Stichwörter: ACTIVATION; ADULTS; age decrements; COGNITIVE CONTROL; CUE; DEMANDS; DIVIDED ATTENTION; INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES; INTENTION; memory load; Prospective memory; PSI theory; Psychology; Psychology, Developmental; Psychology, Experimental; RETRIEVAL; SELF; state orientation
Erscheinungsdatum: 2017
Herausgeber: ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Journal: AGING NEUROPSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITION
Volumen: 24
Ausgabe: 4
Startseite: 453
Seitenende: 469
Zusammenfassung: 
A modified event-based paradigm of prospective memory was applied to investigate intention initiation in older and younger participants under high versus low memory load (subsequent episodic word recall vs. recognition). State versus action orientation, a personality dimension related to intention enactment, was also measured. State-oriented persons show a superiority effect for the storage of intentions in an explicit format but have a paradoxical deficit in their actual enactment. We predicted an interaction between aging, personality, and memory load, with longer intention-initiation latencies and higher omission rates for older state-oriented participants under high memory load. Results were consistent with predictions and are interpreted according to current personality and prospective memory models of aging.
ISSN: 13825585
DOI: 10.1080/13825585.2016.1225664

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