Exact density functional for hard-rod mixtures derived from Markov chain approach

Autor(en): Bakhti, Benaoumeur
Schott, Stephan
Maass, Philipp 
Stichwörter: DISORDER; LATTICE-GAS SYSTEMS; Physics; Physics, Fluids & Plasmas; Physics, Mathematical
Erscheinungsdatum: 2012
Herausgeber: AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Journal: PHYSICAL REVIEW E
Volumen: 85
Ausgabe: 4, 1
Zusammenfassung: 
Using a Markov chain approach we rederive the exact density functional for hard-rod mixtures on a one-dimensional lattice, which forms the basis of the lattice fundamental measure theory. The transition probability in the Markov chain depends on a set of occupation numbers, which reflects the property of a zero-dimensional cavity to hold at most one particle. For given mean occupation numbers (density profile), an exact expression for the equilibrium distribution of microstates is obtained, which means an expression for the unique external potential that generates the density profile in equilibrium. By considering the rod ends to fall onto lattice sites, the mixture is always additive.
ISSN: 15393755
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.85.042107

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