Trimethylenedipyridinium Dendrimers Synthesis and Sequential Complexation of Anthraquinone Disulfonate in Molecular Shells

Autor(en): Kathiresan, Murugavel
Walder, Lorenz 
Stichwörter: BINDING; DENDRITIC MACROMOLECULES; DIFFUSION; ENCAPSULATION; HOST-GUEST CHEMISTRY; Polymer Science; POLYMERS; RECOGNITION; SPECTROSCOPY; STEPWISE RADIAL COMPLEXATION; VIOLOGEN
Erscheinungsdatum: 2010
Herausgeber: AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Journal: MACROMOLECULES
Volumen: 43
Ausgabe: 22
Startseite: 9248
Seitenende: 9256
Zusammenfassung: 
The synthesis of a new class of polycationic dendrimers of generation 0 1 and 2 (G(0) (1 07 nm), G(1) (1 63 nm), and G(2) (3 03 nm)) is described Core and 2-fold branching units consist of interconnected 1 3 5-tris(methylene)benzene and 4,4'-trimethylenedipyridinium units 4-tert-Butylbenzyl has been used as the peripheral end group because best solubility of the dendrimers was achieved The dendrimers act as a host for anthraquinone 2,6-disulfonate (AQDS) and can be stoichiometrically titrated and even overcharged as shown by H-1 NMR DOSY and cyclic voltammetry Upon loading them with AQDS, the dendrimers undergo first a contraction, they reach a minimum hydrodynamic radius for complete charge compensation and they reopen when overcharging takes place The contraction is supported by MM+ calculations Upon stepwise loading of G(2) (42 positive charges) with AQDS (2 negative charges), the first 3 mol equiv (6 negative charges) occupy the Innermost dendrimer shell (consisting of 6 positive charges) the next 6 equiv (12 negative charges) occupy the middle shell (12 positive charges), and the last 12 equiv AQDS (24 negative charges) occupy the outermost shell of the dendrimer (24 positive charges), as supported by H-1 NMR titrations yielding the magic equivalent numbers of 3 9 = 3 6 and 21 = 3 6 12
ISSN: 00249297
DOI: 10.1021/ma101925x

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