Rotation of the c subunit oligomer in EF0EF1 mutant cD61N

Autor(en): Gumbiowski, K
Panke, O
Junge, W 
Engelbrecht, S
Stichwörter: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; COLI ATP SYNTHASE; EPSILON-SUBUNIT; F-1-ATPASE; F-ATPASE; F0F1; GAMMA-SUBUNIT; MOTOR
Erscheinungsdatum: 2002
Herausgeber: AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC
Journal: JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY
Volumen: 277
Ausgabe: 35
Startseite: 31287
Seitenende: 31290
Zusammenfassung: 
ATP synthases (F0F1-ATPases) mechanically couple ion flow through the membrane-intrinsic portion, F-0, to ATP synthesis within the peripheral portion, F-1. The coupling most probably occurs through the rotation of a central rotor (subunits c(10)epsilongamma) relative to the stator (subunits ab(2)delta(alphabeta)(3)). The translocation of protons is conceived to involve the rotation of the ring of c subunits (the c oligomer) containing the essential acidic residue cD61 against subunits ab(2). In line with this notion, the mutants cD61N and cD61G have been previously reported to lack proton translocation. However, it has been surprising that the membrane-bound mutated holoenzyme hydrolyzed ATP but without translocating protons. Using detergent-solubilized and immobilized EF0F1 and by application of the microvideographic assay for rotation, we found that the c oligomer, which carried a fluorescent actin filament, rotates in the presence of ATP in the mutant cD61N just as in the wild type enzyme. This observation excluded slippage among subunit gamma, the central rotary shaft, and the c oligomer and suggested free rotation without proton pumping between the oligomer and subunit a in the membrane-bound enzyme.
ISSN: 00219258
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M111678200

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