The capacity of water governance to deal with the climate change adaptation challenge: Using fuzzy set Qualitative Comparative Analysis to distinguish between polycentric, fragmented and centralized regimes

Autor(en): Pahl-Wostl, Claudia 
Knieper, Christian 
Stichwörter: Adaptive capacity; BASIN; Climate change adaptation; CORRUPTION; Environmental Sciences; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Environmental Studies; Fuzzy set Qualitative Comparative Analysis; Geography; MANAGEMENT; MANCHA-OCCIDENTAL AQUIFER; NEOLIBERAL REFORM; POLICY; Polycentric governance; RESOURCES; SOUTH; SPAIN; STATES; Water governance systems
Erscheinungsdatum: 2014
Volumen: 29
Startseite: 139
Seitenende: 154
The notion of polycentric governance has become increasingly popular in recent years. Such development may be attributed to expectations that polycentric governance systems have a higher capacity to deal with complex challenges arising from global and climate change. Most often, employed interpretations of polycentricity emphasize the presence of several independent centers of authority in a governance domain. A commonly neglected feature of polycentric governance, as introduced by Elinor and Vincent Ostrom, is that this concept entails as well operation under one set of overall accepted rules. This paper analyzes the underlying feature of effective polycentric governance and makes a distinction between polycentric, fragmented, and centralized governance regimes. An empirical analysis of water governance systems in 27 national river basins using fuzzy set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA) shows that a set of factors associated with polycentricity has the highest explanatory power for high performance regarding climate change adaptation. Factors associated with fragmented and centralized regimes can be identified for paths leading to low performance. Furthermore, the analysis identifies the effectiveness of formal institutions as important condition, in particular for paths leading toward low performance. The paper elaborates on these findings and discusses as well the potential of fsQCA in such comparative analyses. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 09593780
DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2014.09.003

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