Purification of an active, oligomeric chitin synthase complex from the midgut of the tobacco hornworm

Autor(en): Maue, Lars
Meissner, Derek
Merzendorfer, Hans 
Stichwörter: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; CANDIDA-ALBICANS; Chitin; Chitin synthase; Entomology; EXPRESSION; GENES; Manduca sexta; MANDUCA-SEXTA; MEMBRANE; Midgut; Oligomerization; Peritrophic matrix; SACCHAROMYCES-CEREVISIAE; SOLUBILIZATION; SYNTHETASE; YEAST; ZYMOGENIC NATURE
Erscheinungsdatum: 2009
Herausgeber: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Journal: INSECT BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
Volumen: 39
Ausgabe: 9
Startseite: 654
Seitenende: 659
Zusammenfassung: 
Chitin formation depends on the activity of a family II glycosyltransferase known as chitin synthase, whose biochemical and structural properties are largely unknown. Previously, we have demonstrated that the chitin portion of the peritrophic matrix in the midgut of the tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta, is produced by chitin synthase 2 (CHS-2), one of two isoenzymes encoded by the Chs-1 and Chs-2 genes (also named Chs-A and Chs-B). and that CHS-2 is located at the apical tips of the brush border microvilli. Here we report the purification of the chitin synthase from the Manduca midgut as monitored by its activity and immuno-reactivity with antibodies to the chitin synthase. After gel permeation chromatography, the final step of the developed purification protocol, the active enzyme eluted in a fraction corresponding to a molecular mass between 440 and 670 kDa. Native PAGE revealed a single, immunoreactive band of about 520 kDa, thrice the molecular mass of the chitin synthase monomer. SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting indicated finally that an active, oligomeric complex of the chitin synthase was purified. In summary, the chitin synthase from the midgut of Manduca may prove to be a good model for investigating the enzymes' mode of action. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 09651748
DOI: 10.1016/j.ibmb.2009.06.005

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