Sense organs and central nervous system in an enigmatic terrestrial polychaete, Hrabeiella periglandulata (Annelida) - implications for annelid evolution

Autor(en): Purschke, G 
Stichwörter: 1984 ANNELIDA; ANTERIOR END; CHALUPSKY; Clitellata; evolution; HOMOLOGS; INNERVATION; Marine & Freshwater Biology; nuchal organ; NUCHAL ORGANS; OLIGOCHAETA; phylogeny; PIZL; SPECIES POLYCHAETA; ULTRASTRUCTURE; Zoology
Erscheinungsdatum: 2000
Volumen: 119
Ausgabe: 3
Startseite: 329
Seitenende: 341
The terrestrial polychaete Hrabeiella periglandulata has many features in common with the Clitellata and the polychaete taxon Parergodrilidae. An ultrastructural investigation of the central nervous system and the sense organs of H. periglandulata individuals was undertaken to look for structural similarities with these taxa as well as to elucidate whether these structures might exhibit adaptive characters typical of terrestrial annelids in general. The central nervous system of H. periglandulata is subepidermal and consists of a brain situated in the first achaetigerous segment. The circumoesophageal connectives are without dorsal and ventral roots, and the ventral nerve cord has closely associated connectives and ill-defined ganglia. In contrast to clitellates and the terrestrial parergodrilid Parergodrilus heideri, nuchal organs are present. They are internal and highly modified compared with those of marine polychaetes but are similar to those of the intertidal parergodrilid Stygocapitella subterranea. A pair of ciliary sense organs is present inside the brain, resembling similar structures in many microdrile oligochaetes. These observations indicate that there are, in fact, structural similarities between the nervous system and the sense organs of clitellates, parergodrilids, and Hrabeiella individuals. These similarities may very likely be the result of convergent evolution in adaptation to the terrestrial environment.
ISSN: 10778306

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