Ultrastructure of oesophageal appendages (''peptonephridia'') in enchytraeids (Annelida : Clitellata)

Autor(en): Schmelz, RM
Westheide, W
Stichwörter: basal labyrinth; intestinal appendages; MALPIGHIAN TUBULES; Marine & Freshwater Biology; OLIGOCHAETA; transport-active organ; Zoology
Erscheinungsdatum: 2000
Herausgeber: WILEY
Volumen: 119
Ausgabe: 1
Startseite: 94
Seitenende: 103
Although the oesophageal appendages in the four enchytraeids Enchytraeus crypticus, Fridericia striata, Buchholzia appendiculata, and Achaeta sp. are quite different from one another in shape and position, their histology and ultrastructure are basically the same. These are intestinal appendages, the lumina of which distally end blind and proximally open into the oesophagus. Almost all of the few cells in their single-layered epithelium have a microvillous, cilia-free border at the apex, facing towards the lumen, and basally comprise an extremely extensive labyrinth. The presence of the latter, composed of very thin cell processes, and of numerous mitochondria identifies the organs as energy-producing and -consuming, transport-active structures. Their possible function as a food-moistening organ or osmoregulatory organ is discussed, and they are compared with other intestinal appendages in enchytraeids and other oligochaetes.
ISSN: 10778306

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