Substrate Patterning Using Regular Macroporous Block Copolymer Monoliths as Sacrificial Templates and as Capillary Microstamps

Autor(en): Guo, Leiming
Philippi, Michael
Steinhart, Martin 
Stichwörter: ARRAYS; block copolymers; Chemistry; Chemistry, Multidisciplinary; Chemistry, Physical; FABRICATION; FLUX; FORCE LITHOGRAPHY; Materials Science; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary; MEMBRANES; MORPHOLOGY; Nanoscience & Nanotechnology; Physics; Physics, Applied; Physics, Condensed Matter; POLYMER SURFACES; porous materials; replication molding; Science & Technology - Other Topics; SILICON; stamping; surface patterning
Erscheinungsdatum: 2018
Journal: SMALL
Volumen: 14
Ausgabe: 34
Polystyrene-block-poly(2-vinylpyridine) (PS-b-P2VP) monoliths containing regular arrays of macropores (diameter approximate to 1.1 mu m, depth approximate to 0.7 mu m) at their surfaces are used to pattern substrates by patterning modes going beyond the functionality of classical solid elastomer stamps. In a first exemplary application, the macroporous PS-b-P2VP monoliths are employed as sacrificial templates for the deposition of NaCl nanocrystals and topographically patterned iridium films. One NaCl nanocrystal per macropore is formed by evaporation of NaCl solutions filling the macropores followed by iridium coating. Thermal PS-b-P2VP decomposition yields topographically patterned iridium films consisting of ordered arrays of hexagonal cells, each of which contains one NaCl nanocrystal. For the second exemplary application, spongy-continuous mesopore systems are generated in the macroporous PS-b-P2VP monoliths by selective-swelling induced pore generation. Infiltrating the spongy-continuous mesopore systems with ink allows capillary microstamping of continuous ink films with holes at the positions of the macropores onto glass slides compatible with advanced light microscopy. Capillary microstamping can be performed multiple times under ambient conditions without reinking and without quality deterioration of the stamped patterns. The macroporous PS-b-P2VP monoliths are prepared by double replication of primary macroporous silicon molds via secondary polydimethylsiloxane molds.
ISSN: 16136810
DOI: 10.1002/smll.201801452

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