Hydrogen bonding to the nitroxide of protein bound spin labels

Autor(en): Urban, Leszek
Steinhoff, Heinz-Juergen 
Stichwörter: Chemistry; Chemistry, Physical; COLICIN-A; CONFORMATIONAL-CHANGES; ELECTRON; electron paramagnetic resonance; ESEEM; HIGH-FIELD EPR; hydrogen bonding; MODULATION; nitroxide; PARAMETERS; Physics; Physics, Atomic, Molecular & Chemical; POLARITY; SPECTROSCOPY; spin labelling
Erscheinungsdatum: 2013
Herausgeber: TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Journal: MOLECULAR PHYSICS
Volumen: 111
Ausgabe: 18-19, SI
Startseite: 2873
Seitenende: 2881
Zusammenfassung: 
Deuterium electron spin-echo envelope modulation spectroscopy (H-2-ESEEM) (9.3GHz, 0.33T) and continuous wave high-field (95GHz, 3.4T) electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy were applied to disentangle the sources of protons which are hydrogen bonded to nitroxides of protein bound spin labels. For a set of 12 colicin A mutants with nitroxide spin labels site-specifically introduced at residue positions 26, 33, 42, 62, 91, 105, 115, 154, 166, 169, 181 and 192 of the channel forming domain we analysed the heterogeneity in the g(xx) region of EPR spectra detected at 95GHz and quantified the fractions of nitroxide populations engaged in H-bonding to water and protein protons. The amplitudes of the narrow and broad components of H-2-ESEEM spectra arising from non-bonded and bonded water (D2O) molecules or deuterated protein components reflect the local H-bonding equilibria. The combination of both methods allowed estimating the fraction of nitroxide populations hydrogen bonded to non-exchangeable protein protons. Hydrogen bonds are known to play a governing role in protein folding and function, and the presented approach extends the information obtainable from site-directed spin labelling in the investigation of complex biomolecular systems and their conformational changes.
ISSN: 00268976
DOI: 10.1080/00268976.2013.804217

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