Ultrastructure of pigmented eves in Dorvilleidae (Annelida, Errantia, Eunicida) and their importance for understanding the evolution of eyes in polychaetes

Autor(en): Purschke, Guenter 
Nowak, Kathrin H.
Stichwörter: Aciculata; ADULT EYES; Anatomy & Morphology; Eunicida; FINE-STRUCTURE; LARVAL; LIGHT; OCELLI; PHOTORECEPTOR; PHYLOGENY; pigmented eyes; PLATYNEREIS-DUMERILII; rhabdomeric photoreceptor cells; SYLLIDAE ANNELIDA; WORM; Zoology
Erscheinungsdatum: 2015
Herausgeber: WILEY
Journal: ACTA ZOOLOGICA
Volumen: 96
Ausgabe: 1
Startseite: 67
Seitenende: 81
Zusammenfassung: 
Among polychaetes, the errant fon-ns are the only group known so far possessing true multicellular eyes in adults which are preceded by bicellular larval eyes in many species, Most likely, two pairs of such eyes showing a specific structure belong to the ground pattern of Errantia = Aciculata. However, these eyes have primarily been investigated in only two subgroups of Errantia, but data on the third main taxon, Eunicida, are available for only two taxa. In the present investigation, the eyes in two additional species of Eunicida, the dorvilleids Protodorvillea keferste.,ini and SehiS to eri ngos neglecta, were studied. In P kefersteini, usually described as possessing one pair of small eyes, two pairs could be detected, whereas in S. neglecta only one pair was found. Each eye is made up of rhabdomeric photoreceptor cells, pigment cells and unpigmented supportive cells. Lenses or vitreous bodies are absent. From their structure most likely all eyes represent adult eyes and even the small anterior eyes in P. kefersteini structurally resemble miniaturized adult eyes. Neither persisting larval eyes nor unpigmented rhabdomeric ocelli were found in the two species. The observations in Dorvilleidae confirm the hypothesis of a common origin of adult eyes in Errantia,
ISSN: 00017272
DOI: 10.1111/azo.12052

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