Self-infiltration vs. self-compatibility checking in dealing with unattractive tasks: The moderating influence of state vs. action orientation

Autor(en): Kazen, M
Baumann, N
Kuhl, J 
Stichwörter: action orientation; autonoetic access; COGNITION; EMOTION; HELPLESSNESS; INTENTION; INTERNALIZATION; introjection; MEMORY; PERSONALITY; personality systems interaction theory; Psychology; Psychology, Experimental; Psychology, Social; self-compatibility checking; self-infiltration; state orientation
Erscheinungsdatum: 2003
Volumen: 27
Ausgabe: 3
Startseite: 157
Seitenende: 197
Self-infiltration, or false self-ascription of external goals or ideas, is investigated using an implicit experimental procedure (J. Kuhl & M. Kazen, 1994). Based on personality systems interactions (PSI) theory (J. Kuhl, 2000), it was expected that state-oriented participants exposed to task-alienating conditions, under external pressure, or experiencing negative mood would show self-infiltration, because under those conditions access to their self-system is impaired, including integrated representations of personal preferences. A new prediction is that self-infiltration should occur in processing low-attractive goals or ideas and not in processing high-attractive ones, because the latter are internalized through integration or identification with the self. Three experiments yielded results consistent with this hypothesis: State-oriented participants showed self-infiltration with low-attractive items, whereas action-oriented did not show this pattern. A mechanism is proposed that helps people to resist external influences in the formation of personal goals and ideas: Self-compatibility checking. This mechanism is inferred on the basis of long latencies in counter-preferential decisions related to previous self-choices (autonoetic access). Only action-oriented participants gave systematic evidence of autonoetic access.
ISSN: 01467239
DOI: 10.1023/A:1025043530799

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