Stable-isotope-based labeling of styrene-degrading microorganisms in biofilters

Autor(en): Alexandrino, M
Knief, C
Lipski, A
Stichwörter: BACTERIA; BIOSYNTHESIS; Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology; CHROMATOGRAPHY; GC-MS; GEN-NOV; MASS-SPECTROMETRY; MICROBIAL-POPULATIONS; Microbiology; SP-NOV; SP. NOV.; UNSATURATED FATTY-ACIDS
Erscheinungsdatum: 2001
Herausgeber: AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY
Journal: APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY
Volumen: 67
Ausgabe: 10
Startseite: 4796
Seitenende: 4804
Zusammenfassung: 
Deuterated styrene ([H-2(8)]styrene) was used as a tracer in combination with phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) analysis for characterization of styrene-degrading microbial populations of biofilters used for treatment of waste gases. Deuterated fatty acids were detected and quantified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The method was evaluated with pure cultures of styrene-degrading bacteria and defined mixed cultures of styrene degraders and non-styrene-degrading organisms. Incubation of styrene degraders for 3 days with [H-2(8)]styrene led to fatty acids consisting of up to 90% deuterated molecules. Mixed-culture experiments showed that specific labeling of styrene-degrading strains and only weak labeling of fatty acids of non-styrene-degrading organisms occurred after incubation with [H-2(8)] styrene for up to 7 days. Analysis of actively degrading filter material from an experimental biofilter and a full-scale biofilter by this method showed that there were differences in the patterns of labeled fatty acids. For the experimental biofilter the fatty acids with largest amounts of labeled molecules were palmitic acid (16:0), 9,10-tnethylenehexadecanoic acid (17:0 cyclo9-10), and vaccenic acid (18:1 cis11). These lipid markers indicated that styrene was degraded by organisms with a Pseudomonas-like fatty acid profile. In contrast, the most intensively labeled fatty acids of the full-scale biofilter sample were palmitic acid and cis-11-hexadecenoic acid (16:1 cis11), indicating that an unknown styrene-degrading taxon was present. Iso-, anteiso-, and 10-methyl-branched fatty acids showed no or weak labeling. Therefore, we found no indication that styrene was degraded by organisms with methyl-branched fatty fatty acids, such as Xanthomonas, Bacillus, Streptomyces, or Gordonia spp.
ISSN: 00992240
DOI: 10.1128/AEM.67.10.4796-4804.2001

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