LONG-WAVELENGTH ABSORBING ANTENNA PIGMENTS AND HETEROGENEOUS ABSORPTION-BANDS CONCENTRATE EXCITONS AND INCREASE ABSORPTION CROSS-SECTION
|BACTERIUM CHLOROFLEXUS-AURANTIACUS; CHROMATIC ADAPTATION; EXCITATION-ENERGY TRANSFER; GREEN PHOTOSYNTHETIC BACTERIA; LIGHT-HARVESTING PROCESSES; PHOTOSYNTHESIS; PHOTOSYSTEM-I PARTICLES; Plant Sciences; PRIMARY CHARGE SEPARATION; PRIMARY ELECTRON-DONOR; PUMP-PROBE SPECTROSCOPY; RHODOBACTER-SPHAEROIDES; THERMAL EQUILIBRATION; TIME-RESOLVED FLUORESCENCE; TRAPPING
|KLUWER ACADEMIC PUBL
The light-harvesting apparatus of photosynthetic organisms is highly optimized with respect to efficient collection of excitation energy from photons of different wavelengths and with respect to a high quantum yield of the primary photochemistry. In many cases the primary donor is not an energetic trap as it absorbs hypsochromically compared to the most red-shifted antenna pigment present (long-wavelength antenna). The possible reasons for this as well as for the spectral heterogeneity which is generally found in antenna systems is examined on a theoretical basis using the approach of thermal equilibration of the excitation energy. The calculations show that long-wavelength antenna pigments and heterogeneous absorption bands lead to a concentration of excitons and an increased effective absorption cross section. The theoretically predicted trapping times agree remarkably well with experimental data from several organisms. It is shown that the kinetics of the energy transfer from a long-wavelength antenna pigment to a hypsochromically absorbing primary donor does not represent a major kinetic limitation. The development of long-wavelength antenna and spectrally heterogeneous absorption bands means an evolutionary advantage based on the chromatic adaptation of photosynthetic organelles to spectrally filtered light caused by self-absorption.
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