Emotion and hypervigilance: negative affect predicts increased P1 responses to non-negative pictorial stimuli

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorSchomberg, Jessica
dc.contributor.authorSchoene, Benjamin
dc.contributor.authorGruber, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorQuirin, Markus
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-23T16:05:14Z-
dc.date.available2021-12-23T16:05:14Z-
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.issn00144819
dc.identifier.urihttps://osnascholar.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/unios/6869-
dc.description.abstractPrevious research has demonstrated that negative affect influences attentional processes. Here, we investigate whether pre-experimental negative affect predicts a hypervigilant neural response as indicated by increased event-related potential amplitudes in response to neutral and positive visual stimuli. In our study, seventeen male participants filled out the German version of the positive and negative affect schedule (Watson et al. in J Pers Soc Psychol 54:1063-1070, 1988; Krohne et al. in Diagnostica 42:139-156, 1996) and subsequently watched positive (erotica, extreme sports, beautiful women) and neutral (daily activities) photographs while electroencephalogram was recorded. In line with our hypothesis, low state negative affect but not (reduced) positive affect predicted an increase in the first positive event-related potential amplitude P1 as a typical marker of increased selective attention. As this effect occurred in response to non-threatening picture conditions, negative affect may foster an individual's general hypervigilance, a state that has formerly been associated with psychopathology only.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherSPRINGER
dc.relation.ispartofEXPERIMENTAL BRAIN RESEARCH
dc.subjectANXIETY
dc.subjectBIAS
dc.subjectEvent-related potentials
dc.subjectFACES
dc.subjectHypervigilance
dc.subjectMOOD
dc.subjectNegative affect
dc.subjectNeurosciences
dc.subjectNeurosciences & Neurology
dc.subjectP1 amplitude
dc.subjectPANAS
dc.subjectPICTURE
dc.subjectSELECTIVE ATTENTION
dc.subjectSTATE
dc.subjectTRAIT
dc.titleEmotion and hypervigilance: negative affect predicts increased P1 responses to non-negative pictorial stimuli
dc.typejournal article
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s00221-015-4544-x
dc.identifier.isiISI:000375550200006
dc.description.volume234
dc.description.issue6
dc.description.startpage1395
dc.description.endpage1402
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0001-7926-7426
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0003-4106-461X
dc.identifier.eissn14321106
dc.publisher.place233 SPRING ST, NEW YORK, NY 10013 USA
dcterms.isPartOf.abbreviationExp. Brain Res.
crisitem.author.deptFB 08 - Humanwissenschaften-
crisitem.author.deptidfb08-
crisitem.author.parentorgUniversität Osnabrück-
crisitem.author.netidGrTh192-
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