Sensory motor inhibition as a prerequisite for theory-of-mind: A comparison of clinical and normal preschoolers differing in sensory motor abilities

Autor(en): Chasiotis, Athanasios
Kiessling, Florian
Winter, Vera
Hofer, Jan
Stichwörter: ATTENTION; CHILDREN; COGNITIVE-DEVELOPMENT; DEFICITS; EMOTION; EXECUTIVE CONTROL; INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES; LANGUAGE; PERFORMANCE; Psychology; Psychology, Developmental; SELF-REGULATION
Erscheinungsdatum: 2006
Herausgeber: SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD
Journal: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL DEVELOPMENT
Volumen: 30
Ausgabe: 2
Startseite: 178
Seitenende: 190
Zusammenfassung: 
After distinguishing between neocortical abilities for executive control and subcortical sensory motor skills for proprioceptive and vestibular integration, we compare a sample of 116 normal preschoolers with a sample of 31 preschoolers receiving occupational therapeutical treatment. This is done in an experimental design controlled for age (mean: 49 months), sex, SES, linguistic abilities, and intelligence. Inhibition and theory-of-mind are measured with test batteries. Results show that children having deficits in sensory motor inhibition are less competent in conflict inhibition and in theory-of-mind. Regression analyses reveal that in the clinical sample conflict inhibition is a significantly stronger predictor of theory-of-mind than in the control group. These results point at a basic sensory motor inhibitory ability as a prerequisite for the development of theory-of-mind.
ISSN: 01650254
DOI: 10.1177/0165025406063637

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