Development of a Screening Measure for the Assessment of Personality Disorders: The Personality Disorder Screening - Short Version (PSS-K)

Autor(en): Schoettke, Henning
Lange, Julia
Imholz, Mario
Wiedl, Karl Heinz
Stichwörter: Assessment; COMMUNITY SAMPLE; INSTRUMENT; INVENTORY; Personality disorders; PRELIMINARY VALIDATION; PREVALENCE; Psychiatry; Psychology; Psychology, Clinical; SCID-II; Screening; STANDARDIZED ASSESSMENT
Erscheinungsdatum: 2011
Herausgeber: KARGER
Journal: VERHALTENSTHERAPIE
Volumen: 21
Ausgabe: 3
Startseite: 154
Seitenende: 161
Zusammenfassung: 
Development of a Screening Measure for the Assessment of Personality Disorders: The Personality Disorder Screening - Short Version (PSS-K) Background: The assessment of personality disorders should be routine in psychotherapeutic treatment settings. This report describes a new screening measure which could be used as a screening tool in the first step of a 2-stage diagnostic process for personality disorders: the Personality Disorder Screening - Short Version (PSS-K). Patients and Method: To validate the instrument, a non-clinical sample (n = 392), prisoners (n = 48) and 3 clinical samples, i.e., patients with substance abuse (n = 90), psychotherapeutic outpatients (n = 43) and psychiatric inpatients (n = 52), were recruited. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Personality Disorders (SCID-II) was used as the gold standard. Results: The PSS-K appears to be a suitable screening instrument for personality disorders. The non-clinical sample differed significantly from the other subsamples. The items of the PSS-K and the PSS-K score show good convergent validity with the SCID-II questionnaire scores. Using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, a cut-off value of >4 on the screening measure correctly identified the presence of at least one personality disorder in 93% of cases. Conclusion: Considering the first results, the PSS-K seems to be a reliable and valid screening tool.
ISSN: 10166262
DOI: 10.1159/000329747

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