Towards large-scale mapping of local climate zones using multitemporal Sentinel 2 data and convolutional neural networks

Autor(en): Rosentreter, Johannes
Hagensieker, Ron
Waske, Bjoern 
Stichwörter: CLASSIFICATION; Convolutional neural network; COVER; DESIGN; ENERGY; Environmental Sciences; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Imaging Science & Photographic Technology; LAND-USE; Local climate zones; Remote Sensing; Sentinel 2; TEMPERATURE; TIME-SERIES; URBAN HEAT-ISLAND; VARIABILITY; WUDAPT
Erscheinungsdatum: 2020
Herausgeber: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Journal: REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT
Volumen: 237
Zusammenfassung: 
In recent years, the concept of Local Climate Zones (LCZs) has become a new standard in the research of urban landscapes. LCZs outline a classification scheme, which is designed to categorize urban and rural surfaces according to their climate-relevant properties, irrespective of local building materials or cultural background. We present a novel workflow for a high-resolution derivation of LCZs using multi-temporal Sentinel 2 (S2) composites and supervised Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs). We assume that CNNs, due to their potential invariance to size and illumination of objects, are best suited to predict the highly context-based LCZs on a large scale. As a first step, the proposed workflow includes a fully automated generation of cloud-free S2 composites. These composites serve as training data basis for the LCZ classifications carried out over eight German cities. Results show that by using a CNN, overall accuracies can be increased by an average of 16.5 and 4.8 percentage points when compared to a pixel-based and a texture-based Random Forest approach, respectively. If sufficient training data is available, CNN models proved to be robust in classifying unknown cities and achieved overall accuracies of up to 86.5%. The proposed method constitutes a feasible approach for automated, large scale mapping of LCZs, and could be the preferred alternative for LCZ classifications in upcoming studies.
ISSN: 00344257
DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2019.111472

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