The biological basis for poly-L-lactic acid-induced augmentation

Autor(en): Stein, Philipp
Vitavska, Olga 
Kind, Peter
Hoppe, Willi
Wieczorek, Helmut 
Schuerer, Nanna Y.
Stichwörter: (Myo-)fibroblasts; ACUTE INFLAMMATORY RESPONSES; AGING FACE; COLLAGEN; Collagen type I; Collagen type III; COSMETIC USE; Dermatology; Filler; GENE-EXPRESSION; GRANULATION-TISSUE; INTERLEUKIN-13; Macrophages; MYOFIBROBLASTS; Poly-L-lactic acid; POLYLACTIC ACID; TRANSFORMING-GROWTH-FACTOR
Erscheinungsdatum: 2015
Herausgeber: ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD
Journal: JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGICAL SCIENCE
Volumen: 78
Ausgabe: 1
Startseite: 26
Seitenende: 33
Zusammenfassung: 
Background: Granulomatous reactions to poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA)-based filler have been described previously. Neither the biological background of these partly late-onset reactions or the desired augmenting effect of PLLA has been studied to date. Histological studies have revealed foreign body reactions and foreign body giant cell formation. Objective: The aim of this study was to increase our knowledge about the biological mechanisms behind the augmenting effect of PLLA-based filler. Methods: We characterised the cell infiltrate and collagen type of PLLA-treated tissue by immunofluorescence staining. The expression of genes related to collagen metabolism was determined. Results: CD68(+) macrophages were found next to PLLA. CD90(+) fibroblasts were found alongside. alpha SMA-positive structures indicated myofibroblasts and neovascularisation. Substantial collagen type III deposition was detected next to PLLA particles and collagen type I was found at the periphery of PLLA encapsulations. mRNA expression for collagen type land III transcripts, as well as for TGF beta 1 and TIMP1, was upregulated significantly. Conclusion: PLLA-induced augmentation is most likely based on capsule formation orchestrating macrophages, (myo-)fibroblasts, and collagen type I and III fibres. We observed considerably slower degradation of PLLA particles than described previously. Thus PLLA particles were still retrievable 28 months after subcutaneous application. (C) 2015 Japanese Society for Investigative Dermatology. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 09231811
DOI: 10.1016/j.jdermsci.2015.01.012

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