Alkynylated and Dendronized 5-Aza-7-deazaguanine Nucleosides: Cross-Coupling with Tripropargylamine and Linear Alkynes, Click Functionalization, and Fluorescence of Pyrene Adducts

Autor(en): Kondhare, Dasharath
Zhang, Aigui
Leonard, Peter
Seela, Frank
Stichwörter: 5-AZA-7-DEAZA-2'-DEOXYGUANOSINE; AZIDE; CHARGE-TRANSFER; Chemistry; Chemistry, Organic; COPPER; DNA; LIGANDS; LIGATION; OLIGONUCLEOTIDES; PHOTOPHYSICS
Erscheinungsdatum: 2020
Herausgeber: AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Journal: JOURNAL OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Volumen: 85
Ausgabe: 16
Startseite: 10525
Seitenende: 10538
Zusammenfassung: 
The change of the recognition face of 5-aza-7-deazaguanine bridgehead nucleosides with respect to purine nucleosides permits the construction of new purine-purine or purine-pyrimidine base pairs in DNA and RNA. Clickable derivatives of 5-aza-7-deazaguanine were synthesized by introducing ethynyl, 1,7-octadiynyl, and tripropargylamino side chains in the 7-position of the 5-aza-7-deazapurine moiety by Sonogashira cross-coupling. Click reactions were performed with 1-azidomethylpyrene by the copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition. The copper(I)-catalyzed click reaction on the tripropargylamino nucleoside was significantly faster and higher yielding than that for nucleosides carrying linear alkynyl chains. Also, this reaction could be performed with copper(II) as the catalyst. An autocatalyzed cycle was suggested in which the click product acts as a catalyst. Pyrene click adducts of linear alkynylated nucleosides showed pyrene monomer emission, while tripropargylamino adducts showed monomer and excimer fluorescence. The fluorescence intensities of the 5-aza-7-deazaguanine nucleosides were higher than those of their 7-deazaguanine counterparts. The reported clickable nucleosides can be utilized to functionalize or to cross-link monomeric nucleosides or DNA for diagnostic or imaging purposes and other applications in nucleic acid chemistry and biotechnology.
ISSN: 00223263
DOI: 10.1021/acs.joc.0c00926

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