War and Nationalism: How WW1 Battle Deaths Fueled Civilians' Support for the Nazi Party

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorDe Juan, Alexander
dc.contributor.authorHaass, Felix
dc.contributor.authorKoos, Carlo
dc.contributor.authorRiaz, Sascha
dc.contributor.authorTichelbaecker, Thomas
dc.date.accessioned2023-07-12T06:57:11Z-
dc.date.available2023-07-12T06:57:11Z-
dc.date.issued2023
dc.identifier.issn0003-0554
dc.identifier.urihttp://osnascholar.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/unios/71975-
dc.description.abstractCan wars breed nationalism? We argue that civilians' indirect exposure to war fatalities can trigger psychological processes that increase identification with their nation and ultimately strengthen support for nationalist parties. We test this argument in the context of the rise of the Nazi Party after World War 1 (WW1). To measure localized war exposure, we machine-coded information on 7.5 million German soldiers who were wounded or died in WW1. Our empirical strategy leverages battlefield dynamics that cause plausibly exogenous variation in the county-level casualty fatality rate-the share of dead soldiers among all casualties. We find that throughout the interwar period, electoral support for right-wing nationalist parties, including the Nazi Party, was 2.6 percentage points higher in counties with above-median casualty fatality rates. Consistent with our proposed mechanism, we find that this effect was driven by civilians rather than veterans and areas with a preexisting tradition of collective war commemoration.
dc.description.sponsorshipResearch Council (ERC) under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program [863486]; Felix Haass acknowledges funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program (Grant Agreement No. 863486).
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherCAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS
dc.relation.ispartofAMERICAN POLITICAL SCIENCE REVIEW
dc.subjectCASUALTIES
dc.subjectGovernment & Law
dc.subjectINITIATION
dc.subjectPolitical Science
dc.subjectRADIO
dc.subjectRISE
dc.titleWar and Nationalism: How WW1 Battle Deaths Fueled Civilians' Support for the Nazi Party
dc.typejournal article
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S000305542300014X
dc.identifier.isiISI:000960801600001
dc.contributor.orcidhttp://orcid.org/0000-0001-7174-2552
dc.contributor.orcidhttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-8933-0836
dc.identifier.eissn1537-5943
dc.publisher.place32 AVENUE OF THE AMERICAS, NEW YORK, NY 10013-2473 USA
dcterms.isPartOf.abbreviationAm. Polit. Sci. Rev.
dcterms.oaStatusGreen Submitted, hybrid
local.import.remainsaffiliations : University Osnabruck; University of Oslo; University of Bergen; University of Oxford; Princeton University
local.import.remainsearlyaccessdate : MAR 2023
local.import.remainsweb-of-science-index : Social Science Citation Index (SSCI)
crisitem.author.deptFB 01 - Kultur- und Sozialwissenschaften-
crisitem.author.deptidfb01-
crisitem.author.parentorgUniversität Osnabrück-
crisitem.author.netidDeAl304-
Show simple item record

Page view(s)

4
Last Week
0
Last month
0
checked on May 27, 2024

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric