Aquatic dermatology: Venomous animals

Autor(en): Schürer, Nanna 
Mebs, Dietrich
Montag, Andreas
Erscheinungsdatum: 2022
Herausgeber: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Journal: Braun-Falco's Dermatology
Startseite: 801 – 809
Venomous marine animals apply their venom with a tool (e.g., tooth, stinger); typically, this is for defense, for prey acquisition, and/or for assisting digestion of the prey. When bathing, snorkeling or diving in the sea, injuries due to contact with jellyfish or sea urchins occur frequently, whereas inland waters often contain skin-irritating microorganisms. Spine- or stinger-bearing marine animals may cause serious injuries by mechanical means. Severe envenoming may occur when venom is introduced by these tools or by stinging cells into the target. The majority of aquatic injuries worldwide are restricted to skin irritation. Systemic complications are rare, but may be life-threatening. In this chapter, the most important aquatic skin reactions are described, as well as their diagnosis and treatments. © Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2022. All rights reserved.
Cited by: 0
ISBN: 9783662637098
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-63709-8_47
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