8-Aza-7-deazaguanine nucleosides and oligonucleotides with octadiynyl side chains: synthesis, functionalization by the azide-alkyne `click' reaction and nucleobase specific fluorescence quenching of coumarin dye conjugates

Autor(en): Seela, Frank
Xiong, Hai
Leonard, Peter
Budow, Simone
Stichwörter: 8-AZA-7-DEAZA-2'-DEOXYGUANOSINES; BASE-PAIRS; Chemistry; Chemistry, Organic; CYCLOADDITION; DERIVATIVES; DUPLEX DNA; LIGATION; STABILITY
Erscheinungsdatum: 2009
Herausgeber: ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Journal: ORGANIC & BIOMOLECULAR CHEMISTRY
Volumen: 7
Ausgabe: 7
Startseite: 1374
Seitenende: 1387
Zusammenfassung: 
Oligonucleotides incorporating 7-(octa-1,7-diynyl) derivatives of 8-aza-7-deaza-2'-deoxyguanosine (2d) were prepared by solid-phase synthesis. The side chain of 2d was introduced by the Sonogashira cross coupling reaction and phosphoramidites (3a, 3b) were synthesized. Duplexes containing 2d are more stabilized compared to those incorporating the non-functionalized 8-aza-7-deaza-2'-deoxyguanosine (2a) demonstrating that these side chains have steric freedom in duplex DNA. Nucleoside 2d as well as 2d-containing oligonucleotides were conjugated to the non-fluorescent 3-azido-7-hydroxycoumarin 15 by the Huisgen-Meldal-Sharpless `click' reaction. Pyrazolo[3,4-d] pyrimidine nucleoside conjugate 16 shows a much higher fluorescence intensity than that of the corresponding pyrrolo[2,3-d] pyrimidine derivative 17. The quenching in the dye conjugate 17 was found to be stronger on the stage of monomeric conjugates than in single-stranded or duplex DNA. Nucleobase-dye contact complexes are suggested which are more favourable in the monomeric state than in the DNA chain when the nucleobase is part of the stack. The side chains with the bulky dye conjugates are well accommodated in DNA duplexes thereby forming hybrids which are slightly more stable than canonical DNA.
ISSN: 14770520
DOI: 10.1039/b822041g

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