A multi-criteria evaluation system for marine litter pollution based on statistical analyses of OSPAR beach litter monitoring time series

Autor(en): Schulz, Marcus
Neumann, Daniel
Fleet, David M.
Matthies, Michael
Stichwörter: ABUNDANCE; ACCUMULATION; Beach evaluation; Canonical correlation analysis; Classification system; Cluster analysis; COAST; DISPERSAL; Environmental Sciences; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; GERMAN BIGHT; Marine & Freshwater Biology; Marine litter; NORTH-SEA; NORTHWESTERN HAWAIIAN-ISLANDS; OCEAN; PLASTIC DEBRIS; Temporal trend; Toxicology
Erscheinungsdatum: 2013
Herausgeber: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Journal: MARINE ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH
Volumen: 92
Startseite: 61
Seitenende: 70
Zusammenfassung: 
During the last decades, marine pollution with anthropogenic litter has become a worldwide major environmental concern. Standardized monitoring of litter since 2001 on 78 beaches selected within the framework of the Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic (OSPAR) has been used to identify temporal trends of marine litter. Based on statistical analyses of this dataset a two-part multi-criteria evaluation system for beach litter pollution of the North-East Atlantic and the North Sea is proposed. Canonical correlation analyses, linear regression analyses, and non-parametric analyses of variance were used to identify different temporal trends. A classification of beaches was derived from cluster analyses and served to define different states of beach quality according to abundances of 17 input variables. The evaluation system is easily applicable and relies on the above-mentioned classification and on significant temporal trends implied by significant rank correlations. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 01411136
DOI: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2013.08.013

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