High-skilled Return Migration and Knowledge-based Development in Poland
|Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Environmental Studies; Geography; INNOVATION; PROXIMITY; Public Administration; Regional & Urban Planning; TRUST; Urban Studies
|ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
|EUROPEAN PLANNING STUDIES
It is by now well known that return migration of the highly skilled can have a significant impact on knowledge-based development in the regions to which they return. Whereas previous research has mainly focused on developing and newly industrializing countries, this paper looks at high-skilled return migration in an East European transformation economy, namely Poland. In our paper, we propose an analytical framework which integrates migration theory and regional development perspectives. Based on narrative interviews with high-skilled return migrants in Warsaw and Poznan, we show that high-skilled return migrants have an impact on economic development by acting as both investors and innovators, i.e. that they transfer and successfully integrate financial means as well as different types of knowledge into these local economies. Furthermore, the Polish example illustrates that social relations and institutional context are crucial in understanding how high-skilled return migrants contribute to knowledge-based development.
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