Slurry injection with nitrification inhibitor in maize: Plant phosphorus, zinc, and manganese status

Autor(en): Westerschulte, Matthias
Federolf, Carl-Philipp
Trautz, Dieter
Broll, Gabriele 
Olfs, Hans-Werner
Stichwörter: fertilizer placement; GROWTH; LIQUID MANURE; MICRONUTRIENTS; NITROGEN; nutrient balances; PLACEMENT; Plant Sciences; recovery efficiency; RHIZOSPHERE; rhizosphere acidification; ROOT-ZONE TEMPERATURES; SHOOT DEMAND; SOIL; starter fertilizer; TRANSFORMATIONS
Erscheinungsdatum: 2018
Herausgeber: TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC
Journal: JOURNAL OF PLANT NUTRITION
Volumen: 41
Ausgabe: 11
Startseite: 1381
Seitenende: 1396
Zusammenfassung: 
Slurry injection below the maize (Zea mays L.) row may substitute a mineral nitrogen (N) phosphorus (P) starter fertilizer (MSF) and thus reduce nutrient surpluses in regions with intensive livestock husbandry. We investigated the plant P, zinc (Zn), and manganese (Mn) status compared to the current farm practice. In 2014 and 2015 field trials were conducted to evaluate plant nutrient status at different growth stages. Besides an unfertilized control, two slurry injection treatments (+/- nitrification inhibitor (NI)) were compared to slurry broadcast application plus MSF. In both experiments NI addition significantly increased nutrient concentrations during early growth (6-leaf 2015: 33% P, 25% Zn, 39% Mn). Under P deficiency due to cold weather conditions broadcast application showed higher P uptake until 6-leaf (36-58%), while it was lower at 8- (32%) and 10-leaf (19%) stage compared to slurry injection (+NI). Zn availability was enhanced for slurry injection (+NI) during early growth and Zn and Mn uptakes were higher at harvest. Slurry injection decreased P balances by 10-14kg P ha(-1), while Zn and Mn balances were excessive independent of treatments. Slurry injection (+NI) can substitute a MSF without affecting early growth and enhances the Zn and Mn status. This new fertilizing strategy enables farmers to reduce P surpluses.
ISSN: 01904167
DOI: 10.1080/01904167.2018.1452940

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