Nitrogen dynamics following slurry injection in maize: crop development

Autor(en): Federolf, Carl-Philipp
Westerschulte, Matthias
Olfs, Hans-Werner
Broll, Gabriele 
Trautz, Dieter
Stichwörter: ACCUMULATION; Agriculture; FERTILIZER; FIELD CROPS; IMMOBILIZATION; LEAF GROWTH; LIQUID MANURE; Liquid manure injection; LOSSES; NITRIFICATION; Nitrification inhibitor; Nitrogen uptake; Phosphorus; PHOSPHORUS DEFICIENCY; Pig slurry; Soil Science; SOIL-NITROGEN; Starter fertilizer
Erscheinungsdatum: 2017
Herausgeber: SPRINGER
Volumen: 107
Ausgabe: 1
Startseite: 19
Seitenende: 31
Using pig slurry as starter fertilizer for maize (Zea mays L.), injected below the row prior to planting is a reasonable way to omit application of additional mineral fertilizer in areas with intensive animal farming. However, delayed early growth and a lack of knowledge on nutrient availability limit the interest of farmers. To extenuate farmers concerns a field trial was conducted in 2014 and 2015 to get detailed information on nitrogen (N) uptake, the subsequent influences on crop growth at different vegetative growth stages and final yield of silage maize. Besides an unfertilized control, two liquid manure injection treatments (without and with nitrification inhibitor [NI]) were compared to slurry broadcast application mineral N and phosphorus (P) starter fertilizer at planting (MSF). In 2014, NI treatment yields increased (+16.5%) and N uptake increased (+9.6%) compared to broadcast treatment. In 2015, cold and dry conditions during early growth limited P plant availability and reduced crop growth in treatments without MSF. However, when a NI was added to the slurry prior to application, plants showed less P deficiency symptoms and better growth. At harvest no differences between the fertilized treatments were observed. In both years apparent N recovery was increased when manure was injected (48% without, and 56% with NI, respectively) compared to broadcast application of manure (43%) indicating that N losses were lower. However, further knowledge on soil N transformation and N loss pathways in systems with slurry injection is needed.
ISSN: 13851314
DOI: 10.1007/s10705-016-9813-y

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