MORPHOLOGICAL REINVESTIGATION AND PHYLOGENETIC RELATIONSHIP OF ACANTHOBDELLA-PELEDINA (ANNELIDA, CLITELLATA)

Autor(en): PURSCHKE, G 
WESTHEIDE, W
ROHDE, D
BRINKHURST, RO
Stichwörter: Anatomy & Morphology; BRANCHIOBDELLIDANS; COMPARATIVE ULTRASTRUCTURE; HIRUDINEA; OLIGOCHAETA; SYSTEMATICS; Zoology
Erscheinungsdatum: 1993
Herausgeber: SPRINGER VERLAG
Journal: ZOOMORPHOLOGY
Volumen: 113
Ausgabe: 2
Startseite: 91
Seitenende: 101
Zusammenfassung: 
In recently collected specimens of Acanthobdella peledina the nervous system, the genital organs and the coelomic organisation were reinvestigated after complete serial sections. These anatomical results are schematically represented. In addition, the integument, the chaetae and the peripheral muscle layer were investigated by electron microscopy. In general, the results confirm Livanow's classic monograph (1906), with the exception of a few details. The body apparently possesses neither a prostomium nor an achaetous buccal region (peristomium). The number of 29 true segments is concluded from the number of segmental ganglia. The five anteriormost segments, each with four pairs of hook-shaped chaetae arranged around the mouth opening, are considered to be functionally equivalent to an anterior sucker. The ultrastructure of the integument and the chaetae generally conforms to the typical annelidan pattern. The muscle cells are of the typical hirudinean type. The outer male genital pore is positioned in segment 10; the female organs open in segment 11 directly behind the septum between segments 1 0 and 11. The main emphasis is laid on the evaluation of the position of the taxon within the Clitellata, including a discussion of the Branchiobdellida, and the cladograms presented show the Acanthobdellida to be the sister group of the Euhirudinea. Characters shared by the Branchiobdellida and Hirudinea (including A. peledina) are considered to be convergently evolved.
ISSN: 0720213X
DOI: 10.1007/BF00403087

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