Gemcitabine, Pyrrologemcitabine, and 2 `-Fluoro-2 `-Deoxycytidines: Synthesis, Physical Properties, and Impact of Sugar Fluorination on Silver Ion Mediated Base Pairing

Autor(en): Guo, Xiurong
Leonard, Peter
Ingale, Sachin A.
Seela, Frank
Stichwörter: AG+ IONS; base pairing; BINDING; Chemistry; Chemistry, Multidisciplinary; DNA; DNA DUPLEXES; duplex stability; fluorine; METAL-IONS; NUCLEOSIDES; OLIGONUCLEOTIDES; PARALLEL; PYRROLO-DC; RNA; silver; STABILITY
Erscheinungsdatum: 2017
Herausgeber: WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Journal: CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL
Volumen: 23
Ausgabe: 70
Startseite: 17740
Seitenende: 17754
Zusammenfassung: 
The stability of silver-mediated ``dC-dC'' base pairs relies not only on the structure of the nucleobase, but is also sensitive to structural modification of the sugar moiety. 2'-Fluorinated 2'-deoxycytidines with fluorine atoms in the arabino (up) and ribo (down) configuration as well as with geminal fluorine substitution (anticancer drug gemcitabine) and the novel fluorescent phenylpyrrolo-gemcitabine ((ph)PyrGem) have been synthesized. All the nucleosides display the recognition face of naturally occurring 2'-deoxycytidine. The nucleosides were converted into phosphoramidites and incorporated into 12-mer oligonucleotides by solid-phase synthesis. The addition of silver ions to DNA duplexes with a fluorine-modified ``dC-dC'' pair near the central position led to significant duplex stabilization. The increase in stability was higher for duplexes with fluorinated sugar residues than for those with an unchanged 2 `-deoxyribose moiety. Similar observations were made for ``dC-dT'' pairs and to a minor extent for ``dC-dA'' pairs. The increase in silver ion mediated base-pair stability was reversed by annulation of a pyrrole ring to the cytosine moiety, as shown for 2 `-fluorinated (ph)PyrGem in comparison with phenylpyrrolo-dC ((ph)PyrdC). This phenomenon results from stereoelectronic effects induced by fluoro substitution, which are transmitted from the sugar moiety to the silver ion mediated base pairs. The extent of the effect depends on the number of fluorine substituents, their configuration, and the structure of the nucleobase.
ISSN: 09476539
DOI: 10.1002/chem.201703427

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