``Double Click'' Reaction on 7-Deazaguanine DNA: Synthesis and Excimer Fluorescence of Nucleosides and Oligonucleotides with Branched Side Chains Decorated with Proximal Pyrenes

Autor(en): Seela, Frank
Ingale, Sachin A.
Stichwörter: AZIDE-ALKYNE CYCLOADDITION; Chemistry; Chemistry, Organic; ELECTRON-TRANSFER; HYBRIDIZATION; INTERCALATING NUCLEIC-ACIDS; PROBE; RNA; SEQUENCE DEPENDENCE; STRANDED-DNA; TERMINAL TRIPLE BONDS
Erscheinungsdatum: 2010
Herausgeber: AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Journal: JOURNAL OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Volumen: 75
Ausgabe: 2
Startseite: 284
Seitenende: 295
Zusammenfassung: 
The 7-tripropargylamine-7-deaza-2'-deoxyguanosine (2) containing two terminal triple bonds in the side chain was synthesized by the Sonogashira cross-coupling reaction from the corresponding 7-iodo nucleoside 1b. This was protected at the 2-amino group with an iso-butyryl residue, affording the protected intermediate 5. Then, compound 5 was converted to the 5'-O-DMT derivative 6, which oil phosphitylation afforded the phosphoramidite 7. This was employed in solid-phase synthesis of a series of oligonucleotides. T-m measurements demonstrate that a covalently attached tripropargylamine side chain increases duplex stability. Both terminal triple bonds of nucleoside 2 and corresponding oligonucleotides were Functionalized by the Cu(I)-mediated 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition ``double click reaction'' with 1-azidomethyl pyrene 3, decorating the side chain with two proximal pyrenes. While the monomeric tripropargylamine nucleoside with two proximal pyrenes (4) shows strong excimer fluorescence, the ss-oligonucleotide containing 4 does not. This was also observed for ds-oligonucleotides when the complementary strand Was unmodified. However, duplex DNA bearing pyrene residues in both strands exhibits strong excimer fluorescence when each strand contains two pyrene residues linked to the tripropargylamine moiety. This pyrene-pyrene interstrand interaction occurs when the pyrene modification sites of the duplex are separated by two base pairs which bring the fluorescent dyes in a proximal position. Molecular modeling indicates that only two out of four pyrene residues are interacting forming the exciplex while the other two do not communicate.
ISSN: 00223263
DOI: 10.1021/jo902300e

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