Ultrastructural differences as a taxonomic marker: The segmental ocelli of Polyophthalmus pictus and Polyophthalmus qingdaoensis sp n (Polychaeta, Opheliidae)

Autor(en): Purschke, G 
Ding, Z
Muller, MC
Stichwörter: Anatomy & Morphology; ANNELIDA; CAPITELLA POLYCHAETA; DISCRIMINATION; FINE-STRUCTURE; IDENTIFICATION; PHOTORECEPTORS; PROTODRILUS SPECIES POLYCHAETA; RECONSTRUCTION; SABELLIDAE; SPERMATOGENESIS; Zoology
Erscheinungsdatum: 1995
Herausgeber: SPRINGER VERLAG
Journal: ZOOMORPHOLOGY
Volumen: 115
Ausgabe: 4
Startseite: 229
Seitenende: 241
Zusammenfassung: 
The segmental ocelli (eyes) in specimens of a European and a Chinese `'Polyophthalmus pictus'' population have been investigated by transmission electron microscopy. The ocelli are situated in corresponding positions in the same segments and reveal similarities in their general structure, They consist of one photoreceptor cell with microvilli-bearing processes and a pigment cup, the receptor processes project into an extracellular cavity formed by the sensory cell and a few supporting cells, the pigment cup is formed by mesodermal cells, and basiepidermal glial cells and gland cells lie above the sensory cell. However, the ocelli differ in size and number of cells, number and dimensions of cellular elements as well as presence or absence of certain cell types associated with the ocelli. There is only little variation in these characters and there is no overlap, so that they distinctly separate the specimens of the two populations. These differences are in the same range, or even larger, as those observed between the ocelli of other closely related polychaete species. Therefore, the specimens from Qingdao, China, are described as a new species of the Opheliidae, Polyophthalmus qingdaoensis sp.n., although specimens from Qingdao, China, and the Island of Giglio, Italy, are almost inseparable by light microscopy except for a few subtle differences.
ISSN: 0720213X
DOI: 10.1007/BF00393803

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