The Cysteine Protease Inhibitors EhICP1 and EhICP2 Perform Different Tasks in the Regulation of Endogenous Protease Activity in Trophozoites of Entamoeba histolytica

Autor(en): Saric, Mirela
Irmer, Henriette
Eckert, Daniela
Baer, Ann-Katrein
Bruchhaus, Iris
Scholze, Henning
Stichwörter: Amoebiasin; BINDING; CHAGASIN; cysteine protease inhibitor; Entamoeba histolytica; Entamoeba invadens; GENE-EXPRESSION; INVADENS; Microbiology; PEPTIDASE INHIBITOR; PROTEINASE; PROTOZOAN; SECRETION; SEQUENCE; TRYPANOSOMA-CRUZI
Erscheinungsdatum: 2012
Herausgeber: ELSEVIER GMBH
Journal: PROTIST
Volumen: 163
Ausgabe: 1
Startseite: 116
Seitenende: 128
Zusammenfassung: 
Trophozoites of E. histolytica are equipped with two chagasin-like cysteine protease inhibitors, EhICP1 and EhICP2, also known as amoebiasin 1 and 2. Expression studies using E. invadens as model organism showed that corresponding mRNAs were detectable in both life stages of the parasite, cyst and trophozoite state. Unlike EhICP1 known to act in the cytosol, EhICP2 co-localized with cysteine protease EhCP-A1 in lysosome-like vesicles, as demonstrated by immunofluorescence microscopy. Silencing or overexpressing of the two inhibitors did not show any effect on morphology and viability of the trophozoites. Overexpression of the EhICPs, however, although dramatically dampening the proteolytic activity of cell extracts from the corresponding cell lines, did not influence expression rate or localization of the major amoebic cysteine proteases as well as phagocytosis and digestion of erythrocytes. Activity gels of cell extracts from strains overexpressing ehicp1 showed a drastically reduced activity of EhCP-A1 suggesting a high affinity of EhICP1 towards this protease. From these data, we propose that EhCP-A1 accidentally released into the cytosol is the main target of EhICP1, whereas EhICP2, beside its role in house-keeping processes, may control the proteolytic processing of other hydrolases or fulfils other tasks different from protease inhibition. (C) 2011 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 14344610
DOI: 10.1016/j.protis.2011.01.003

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