Diversity and activity of methanotrophic bacteria in different upland soils

Autor(en): Knief, C
Lipski, A
Dunfield, PF
Stichwörter: 16S RIBOSOMAL-RNA; ACIDOPHILIC BACTERIUM; ATMOSPHERIC METHANE; Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology; CH4 OXIDATION; FOREST SOIL; II METHANOTROPH; METHANE-OXIDIZING BACTERIA; Microbiology; MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION; MONOOXYGENASE GENE; SP NOV.
Erscheinungsdatum: 2003
Herausgeber: AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY
Journal: APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY
Volumen: 69
Ausgabe: 11
Startseite: 6703
Seitenende: 6714
Zusammenfassung: 
Samples from diverse upland soils that oxidize atmospheric methane were characterized with regard to methane oxidation activity and the community composition of methanotrophic bacteria (MB). MB were identified on the basis of the detection and comparative sequence analysis of the pmoA gene, which encodes a subunit of particulate methane monooxygenase. MB commonly detected in soils were closely related to Methylocaldum spp., Methylosinus spp., Methylocystis spp., or the ``forest sequence cluster'' (USC alpha), which has previously been detected in upland soils and is related to pmoA sequences of type II MB (Alphaproteobacteria). As well, a novel group of sequences distantly related (<75% derived amino acid identity) to those of known type I MB (Gammaproteobacteria) was often detected. This novel ``upland soil cluster gamma'' (USC gamma) was significantly more likely to be detected in soils with pH values of greater than 6.0 than in more acidic soils. To identify active MB, four selected soils were incubated with (CH4)-C-13 at low mixing ratios (<50 ppm of volume), and extracted methylated phospholipid fatty acids (PLFAs) were analyzed by gas chromatography-online combustion isotope ratio mass spectrometry. Incorporation of C-13 into PLFAs characteristic for methanotrophic Gammaproteobacteria was observed in all soils in which USC gamma sequences were detected, suggesting that the bacteria possessing these sequences were active methanotrophs. A pattern of labeled PLFAs typical for methanotrophic Alphaproteobacteria was obtained for a sample in which only USC alpha sequences were detected. The data indicate that different MB are present and active in different soils that oxidize atmospheric methane.
ISSN: 00992240
DOI: 10.1128/AEM.69.11.6703-6714.2003

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