Suboptimal criterion setting in a perceptual choice task with asymmetric reinforcement

Autor(en): Stuettgen, Maik C.
Kasties, Nils
Lengersdorf, Daniel
Starosta, Sarah
Guentuerkuen, Onur
Jaekel, Frank
Stichwörter: BEHAVIOR; Behavioral Sciences; CONTINUUM; Decision making; Ideal observer; INFORMATION; LEARNING MODELS; MATCHING LAW; OPTIMIZATION; Payoff matrix; Pigeon; Psychology; Psychology, Biological; REPRESENTATION; REWARD; STIMULI; Zoology
Erscheinungsdatum: 2013
Herausgeber: ELSEVIER
Journal: BEHAVIOURAL PROCESSES
Volumen: 96
Startseite: 59
Seitenende: 70
Zusammenfassung: 
Performance on psychophysical tasks is influenced by a variety of non-sensory factors, most notably the magnitude or probability of reinforcement following correct responses. When reinforcement probability is unequal for hits and correct rejections, signal detection theory specifies an optimal decision criterion which maximizes the number of reinforcers. We subjected pigeons to a task in which six different stimuli (shades of gray) had to be assigned to one of two categories. Animals were confronted with asymmetric reinforcement schedules in which correct responses to five of the stimuli were reinforced with a probability of 0.5, while correct responses to the remaining stimulus were extinguished. The subjects' resultant choice probabilities clearly deviated from those predicted by a maximization account. More specifically, the magnitude of the choice bias increased with the distance of the to-be-extinguished stimulus to the category boundary, a pattern opposite to that posited by maximization. The present and a previous set of results in which animals performed optimally can be explained by a simple choice mechanism in which a variable decision criterion is constantly updated according to a leaky integration of incomes attained from both response options. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 03766357
DOI: 10.1016/j.beproc.2013.02.014

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