Animates engender robust memory representations in adults and young children

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLoucks, Jeff
dc.contributor.authorVerrett, Kaitlyn
dc.contributor.authorReise, Berit
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-23T16:07:25Z-
dc.date.available2021-12-23T16:07:25Z-
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.issn00100277
dc.identifier.urihttps://osnascholar.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/unios/7871-
dc.description.abstractThe animate monitoring hypothesis proposes that humans are predisposed to attend preferentially to animate entities in the environment (New, Cosmides, & Tooby, 2007). However, there have to date been no developmental investigations of animate monitoring in younger populations, despite the relevance of such evidence to this hypothesis. Here we demonstrate that adults and preschoolers recall a novel sequence of action with greater fidelity if it involves an animate over an inanimate. Experiments 1 (adults) and 2 (preschoolers) provide initial support for this phenomena, when a familiar animate (a dog) is used in the sequence instead of a block. Experiment 2 also revealed that a beetle is not clearly superior to a block, hinting at a possible hierarchy of animacy. Experiment 3 provided the clearest evidence for this memory advantage in preschoolers, when a novel animate that was perceptually identical to two other inanimate controls enhanced memory for the sequence. These results indicate that animate monitoring does not require extensive experience to develop, and could possibly be the result of innate dispositions.
dc.description.sponsorshipNatural Science and Engineering Research Council of CanadaNatural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) [05455]; This research was supported by a Discovery grant from the Natural Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Discovery grant, 05455, awarded to the first author. We are thankful to Jaspreet Singh for collecting the data for Experiment 1. We are especially grateful to all of the families in the Regina area who volunteered to participate. This research could not have happened without your generosity.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherELSEVIER
dc.relation.ispartofCOGNITION
dc.subjectADAPTIVE MEMORY
dc.subjectAnimacy
dc.subjectAnimate monitoring
dc.subjectBIOLOGICAL MOTION
dc.subjectGOAL
dc.subjectImitation
dc.subjectLanguage
dc.subjectMemory
dc.subjectOBJECTS
dc.subjectPERCEPTION
dc.subjectPsychology
dc.subjectPsychology, Experimental
dc.titleAnimates engender robust memory representations in adults and young children
dc.typejournal article
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.cognition.2020.104284
dc.identifier.isiISI:000539418700009
dc.description.volume201
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0003-0899-3943
dc.identifier.eissn18737838
dc.publisher.placeRADARWEG 29, 1043 NX AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS
dcterms.isPartOf.abbreviationCognition
Show simple item record

Page view(s)

3
Last Week
0
Last month
0
checked on Apr 16, 2024

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric