Neural Indicators of Inference Processes in Text Comprehension: An Event-related Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study

Autor(en): Friese, Uwe 
Rutschmann, Roland
Raabe, Markus
Schmalhofer, Franz
Stichwörter: BRAIN PROCESSES; CONSTRUCTION; DISCOURSE; INTEGRATION; LANGUAGE; MEMORY; MODEL; Neurosciences; Neurosciences & Neurology; PREFRONTAL CORTEX; Psychology; Psychology, Experimental; RIGHT-HEMISPHERE; TASK
Erscheinungsdatum: 2008
Herausgeber: MIT PRESS
Volumen: 20
Ausgabe: 11
Startseite: 2110
Seitenende: 2124
During language comprehension, readers or listeners routinely infer information that has not been stated literally in a given text or utterance in order to construct a coherent mental representation (situation model). We used a verification task in a behavioral study and in an event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) experiment to investigate the inference construction process. After having read sentences that mention the outcome of an event explicitly, implicitly, or not at all, participants verified the plausibility of short statements with respect to the context of the just read sentence. The results of the behavioral study established the verification task as a valid method for studying inferences. In the fMRI study, the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex was the most prominent area that was involved in the processing of inference statements. Regions in the left and right temporal lobes were associated with comparison processes that are based on the propositional representations of context sentence and test statements. The results are discussed with respect to levels of representations and the memory systems that underlie the verification process in the different sentence conditions.
ISSN: 0898929X
DOI: 10.1162/jocn.2008.20141

Show full item record

Page view(s)

Last Week
Last month
checked on Feb 27, 2024

Google ScholarTM