Microbial biomass and activity under oxic and anoxic conditions as affected by nitrate additions

Autor(en): Dyckmans, J
Flessa, H
Lipski, A
Potthoff, M
Beese, F
Stichwörter: ADENYLATE ENERGY-CHARGE; AEC; Agriculture; Agronomy; anoxic conditions; ATP; BACTERIA; CHLOROFORM FUMIGATION-EXTRACTION; COMMUNITIES; heat-flow rate; microbial activity; microbial biomass; MICROCALORIMETRY; O-2 availability; PHOSPHOLIPID FATTY-ACID; Plant Sciences; PLFA; REDUCTION; RESPIRATION; SOIL; Soil Science
Erscheinungsdatum: 2006
Herausgeber: WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Journal: JOURNAL OF PLANT NUTRITION AND SOIL SCIENCE
Volumen: 169
Ausgabe: 1
Startseite: 108
Seitenende: 115
Zusammenfassung: 
Soil microbial activity, biomass, and community structure were examined during the transition from oxic to anoxic conditions after the addition of glucose and with or without nitrate addition. In two sets of treatments, samples were incubated for up to 35 d in closed ampoules either aerobically until oxygen was depleted or anoxically throughout the experiment. Heat-flow rate was monitored to indicate microbial activity. Microbial biomass and community structure were measured by adenylate and phospholipid fatty acid (PFLA) content, and adenylate energy charge (AEC) was used to monitor the physiological status of the microbial biomass. Microbial activity was highest under oxic conditions and abruptly decreased under anoxic conditions. Activity peaks were observed after about 9 d of anoxic conditions probably triggered by increased nutrient availability from dying microbial biomass, but these peaks were smaller after initial oxic incubation or nitrate addition. Microbial biomass was unchanged under oxic conditions but decreased under anoxic conditions. Most surviving microbes switched into dormancy. Changes in the microbial-population structure were small and occurred only after 9 d of anoxic incubation. The results show that the nutrient status and the availability of electron acceptors such as nitrate were important factors ruling the direction and the extent of shifts in the microbial activity and community structures due to anoxic conditions.
ISSN: 14368730
DOI: 10.1002/jpln.200521735

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