Determination of Henry's law constant for methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) at groundwater temperatures

Autor(en): Fischer, A
Muller, M
Klasmeier, J 
Stichwörter: Environmental Sciences; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Henry's law constant; methyl tert-butyl ether; MTBE; temperature; WATER; water solubility
Erscheinungsdatum: 2004
Herausgeber: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Journal: CHEMOSPHERE
Volumen: 54
Ausgabe: 6
Startseite: 689
Seitenende: 694
Zusammenfassung: 
The dimensionless Henry's law constant was determined for methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) at six temperatures (3, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 degreesC) by using a thermostatted flask (430 ml) containing an aqueous MTBE solution. The ratio between the gas phase and the water phase in the flask was approximately 1.7:1. The aim of this study was to acquire data needed to model the behaviour of MTBE at groundwater conditions. The dimensionless Henry's law constant at 10 degreesC is approximately 0.01 but is 0.03 at 25 degreesC. This is important for modelling MTBE because the variation of vaporization cannot be disregarded at groundwater temperatures. In a second experiment the water solubility of MTBE was determined to be 62.1 g/l at 5 degreesC and 35.5 g/l at 20 degreesC). The high solubility at low temperatures could cause MTBE plumes from spills (fuel accidents etc.) to spread rapidly. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 00456535
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2003.08.025

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