Location-dependent generalization of road networks based on equivalent destinations

Autor(en): van Dijk, Thomas C.
Haunert, Jan-Henrik
Oehrlein, Johannes
Stichwörter: clustering; Computer Science; Computer Science, Software Engineering; MAP GENERALIZATION; simplification; TREEMAPS
Erscheinungsdatum: 2016
Herausgeber: WILEY
Volumen: 35
Ausgabe: 3
Startseite: 451
Seitenende: 460
Suppose a user located at a certain vertex in a road network wants to plan a route using a wayfinding map. The user's exact destination may be irrelevant for planning most of the route, because many destinations will be equivalent in the sense that they allow the user to choose almost the same paths. We propose a method to find such groups of destinations automatically and to contract the resulting clusters in a detailed map to achieve a simplified visualization. We model the problem as a clustering problem in rooted, edge-weighted trees. Two vertices are allowed to be in the same cluster if and only if they share at least a given fraction of their path to the root. We analyze some properties of these clusterings and give a linear-time algorithm to compute the minimum-cardinality clustering. This algorithm may have various other applications in network visualization and graph drawing, but in this paper we apply it specifically to focus-and-context map generalization. When contracting shortest-path trees in a geographic network, the computed clustering additionally provides a constant-factor bound on the detour that results from routing using the generalized network instead of the full network. This is a desirable property for wayfinding maps.
18th Eurographics/IEEE VGTC Conference on Visualization, Groningen, NETHERLANDS, JUN 06-10, 2016
ISSN: 01677055
DOI: 10.1111/cgf.12921

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