The KdpC subunit of the Escherichia coli K+-transporting KdpB P-type ATPase acts as a catalytic chaperone
|ABC transporter; Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; CA2+-ATPASE; ion pump; KdpFABC; KDPFABC COMPLEX; N-DOMAIN; NUCLEOTIDE-BINDING DOMAIN; P-type ATPase; potassium transport; PROTEIN
In Bacteria and Archaea, high-affinity potassium uptake is mediated by the ATP-driven KdpFABC complex. On the basis of the biochemical properties of the ATP-hydrolyzing subunit KdpB, the transport complex is classified as type IA P-type ATPase. However, the KdpA subunit, which promotes K+ transport, clearly resembles a potassium channel, such that the KdpFABC complex represents a chimera of ion pumps and ion channels. In the present study, we demonstrate that the blending of these two groups of transporters in KdpFABC also entails a nucleotide-binding mechanism in which the KdpC subunit acts as a catalytic chaperone. This mechanism is found neither in P-type ATPases nor in ion channels, although parallels are found in ABC transporters. In the latter, the ATP nucleotide is coordinated by the LSGGQ signature motif via double hydrogen bonds at a conserved glutamine residue, which is also present in KdpC. High-affinity nucleotide binding to the KdpFABC complex was dependent on the presence of this conserved glutamine residue in KdpC. In addition, both ATP binding to KdpC and ATP hydrolysis activity of KdpFABC were sensitive to the accessibility, presence or absence of the hydroxyl groups at the ribose moiety of the nucleotide. Furthermore, the KdpC subunit was shown to interact with the nucleotide-binding loop of KdpB in an ATP-dependent manner around the ATP-binding pocket, thereby increasing the ATP-binding affinity by the formation of a transient KdpB/KdpC/ATP ternary complex.
Show full item record
checked on Feb 23, 2024